Choosing a good Wifi router is very important for building a sophisticated, modern…and smart home. This is because we now have smart home devices that help us perform everyday tasks automatically (turning off the lights when no one is home, preparing coffee and toast for breakfast without getting out of bed, adjusts the room temperature, among other features of other smart home appliances) and these need a good Wifi router with wireless internet to work perfectly. Learn how to choose the best Wifi router by knowing the following 7 tips!
#1 – Realize the Difference Between a Modem and a Wifi Router
Before answering the question of how to choose a Wifi router, you need to understand the difference between a modem and a router, since both work very similarly.
How Does the Modem Works?
A modem is a device that receives the Internet signal and at the same time converts it to a language accessible to any computer – it provides only one Internet access point. This means that without a modem you have no internet access.
How Does the Wifi Router Works?
The router is the gadget responsible for splitting and sharing the internet signal between various devices.
While the modem makes it possible to receive and convert the Internet signal to a computer, the wireless Wifi router allows the Internet signal to be distributed among various equipment.
It is noteworthy that there are Wifi router and modem that performs both tasks (receive, share and distribute the internet signal to computers and other devices), and the most popular are distributed by operators that sell Internet services.
#2 – Know the Type of Use You Will Make of the Wifi Router
At first glance, especially for those people who do not know how this equipment works, all Wifi routers may look very similar.
There are currently hundreds of different models, each with its own attributes and characteristics – that´s why you find many Wifi router reviews on the web. You should choose a Wifi router according to the following usage:
• A basic Wifi router: If you only use the Internet to send emails and access social media networks.
• An Intermediate Wifi Router: For those who use the internet a lot to watch television programs or movies through a streaming service.
• An advanced Wifi router: For those who play online or work from home. They need to use heavier and more demanding online resources.
#3 – Understand How a Wifi Router’s Frequency Band Works
A Wifi router has several types of frequency bands: single, dual and tri-band, which means it has one, two or three different wireless networks that can be used. These frequencies operate on a 2.4 GHz or 2.4 GHz and 5GHz.
• 2.4GHz Band Frequency
This band frequency operates over the 2.4 GHz spectrum and is typically full of interference from household objects and other nearby networks. In the end, it offers good coverage and that´s why you find it on a portable Wifi router, but not the best bandwidth.
• 5 GHz Band Frequency
This is a band frequency that operates under the 5GHz spectrum and it is less congested than the 2.4 GHz spectrum. If you asked yourself how to speed up my Wifi router, this band frequency is the best answer for your doubts. It has the best Wifi router speed ratings and represents the fastest Wifi router of the market.
However, the waves used at this frequency type cannot pass through walls or other solid objects. Overall, it ensures better bandwidth, but with lower coverage.
Please note that when choosing the best high-speed Wifi router you should purchase equipment that supports both spectra simultaneously.
#4 – Observe Carefully the Range of the Wifi Router
The range of a Wifi router is determined by the combination of three factors:
The number of router antennas
A good Wifi router has at least 2 antennas, and 3 antennas is the ideal option for those who have a lot of equipment connected on the wireless network. The more antennas, the more transmission points and signal reception in your home – however, that does not mean a longer range. For a longer range, you should opt for the antennas with a larger isotropic decibel (dBi’s).
The band frequency spectrum
As already mentioned, the band frequencies operate under the spectrum of 2.4 GHz or 2.4 GHz and 5GHz. These frequencies ensure better coverage and bandwidth, which ultimately influence the effectiveness of Internet signal distribution and transmission.
The communication protocol
Devices that connect to a Wifi router must support the communication protocol present on the device – through the 802.11 descriptions that is marked on the packaging of each device and allows the devices to communicate with each other regardless of their provider. However, in addition to each equipment is added the indication of the protocol standard. And there are several, the most important being:
Devices that connect to a Wifi router must support the communication protocol on the device itself – through 802.11 description that allows devices to communicate with each other regardless of their provider. However, in addition to each equipment is added the indication of the protocol standard. And there are several, the most important of which are:
802.11b – The first Wifi standard adopted by consumers.
802.11g – For higher quality of service (QoS).
802.11n – for a longer range. It is present in various existing equipment in our daily lives.
802.11ac – For higher speeds (maximum speeds of 6.93 Gbps: 4 × 4 MU-MIMO 4 x 867 Mbps x 2).
802.11ax – To increase overall network speed, but also Wifi speeds of individual clients.
Smart wireless management is nowadays required, and in this chapter, Google Wifi router is one step ahead of the rest. It incorporates Wifi functionality into a fairly simple and easy-to-use Android application (other manufacturers do it too, but the reference is Google).
#5 – Wifi Router Speed VS Internet Speed
In choosing the best Wifi router, it is crucial to understand the difference between router speed and internet speed, as they are both quite different. The speed of the Wifi router is related to how fast the router can transmit information in megabytes per second and not necessarily the speed of your internet connection.
You will notice quite a few differences when you need to send files between devices (such as when sending music files that have already been downloaded to the speaker) because in this particular case the transmission of information is not speeding dependent from the Internet.
#6 – Ensure the Wifi Router Has a Good Level of Security
One of the most important aspects to consider when choosing the best Wifi router is related to the level of security it offers.
On your local network, you will always have personal information (such as photos, videos, or other private content) that you want to keep confidential, so you should choose a Wifi router with strong security preferences.
Right now, the best wireless encryption for the router is WPA2, so make sure that the Wifi router you are interested in purchasing has at least this level of security. This is the safest form of data encryption for home users or small business owners.
#7 – Verify That Installed Firmware Can Be Customized
Having the ability to know if firmware installed on a Wifi router can be customized is a tip for users with more advanced technical knowledge. It is necessary to do an online search based on the make and model of the equipment, the most common is OpenWrt and DD-WRT.
Make sure your Wifi router offers you regular updates and support for QoS, firewall, protection against Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and Wifi Protected Access 2 (WPA2). This will give you the most reliable and secure standard data encryption system for a wireless LAN.